Carol Elizabeth Sparling
Carol Elizabeth Sparling
Director of SMRU, University of St Andrews
Verified email at
Cited by
Cited by
Annex IV 2016 state of the science report: Environmental effects of marine renewable energy development around the world
A Copping, N Sather, L Hanna, J Whiting, G Zydlewski, G Staines, A Gill, ...
Ocean Energy Systems 224, 2016
Bio-logging science: logging and relaying physical and biological data using animal-attached tags
SK Hooker, M Biuw, BJ McConnell, PJO Miller, CE Sparling
Deep-Sea Research Part II 3 (54), 177-182, 2007
Metabolic rates of captive grey seals during voluntary diving
CE Sparling, MA Fedak
Journal of Experimental Biology 207 (10), 1615-1624, 2004
How long does a dive last? Foraging decisions by breath-hold divers in a patchy environment: a test of a simple model
CE Sparling, JY Georges, SL Gallon, M Fedak, D Thompson
Animal Behaviour 74 (2), 207-218, 2007
Seals like it hot: Changes in surface temperature of harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) from late pregnancy to moult
W Paterson, CE Sparling, D Thompson, PP Pomeroy, JI Currie, ...
Journal of Thermal Biology 37 (6), 454-461, 2012
Seasonal variation in the metabolic rate and body composition of female grey seals: fat conservation prior to high-cost reproduction in a capital breeder?
CE Sparling, JR Speakman, MA Fedak
Journal of Comparative Physiology B 176, 505-512, 2006
Estimating field metabolic rates of pinnipeds: doubly labelled water gets the seal of approval
CE Sparling, D Thompson, MA Fedak, SL Gallon, JR Speakman
Functional Ecology 22 (2), 245-254, 2008
Eat now, pay later? Evidence of deferred food-processing costs in diving seals
CE Sparling, MA Fedak, D Thompson
Biology Letters 3 (1), 95-99, 2007
A review of the UK and British Channel Islands practical tidal stream energy resource
D Coles, A Angeloudis, D Greaves, G Hastie, M Lewis, L Mackie, ...
Proceedings of the Royal Society A 477 (2255), 20210469, 2021
SeaGen environmental monitoring programme final report
G Keenan, C Sparling, H Williams, F Fortune
Royal Haskoning: Edinburgh, UK, January, 2011
How fast does a seal swim? Variations in swimming behaviour under differing foraging conditions
SL Gallon, CE Sparling, JY Georges, MA Fedak, M Biuw, D Thompson
Journal of Experimental Biology 210 (18), 3285-3294, 2007
Resolving issues with environmental impact assessment of marine renewable energy installations
IMD Maclean, R Inger, D Benson, CG Booth, CB Embling, WJ Grecian, ...
Frontiers in Marine Science 1, 75, 2014
Strangford Lough and the SeaGen tidal turbine
G Savidge, D Ainsworth, S Bearhop, N Christen, B Elsaesser, F Fortune, ...
Marine renewable energy technology and environmental interactions, 153-172, 2014
Harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) around an operational tidal turbine in Strangford Narrows: No barrier effect but small changes in transit behaviour
C Sparling, M Lonergan, B McConnell
Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 28 (1), 194-204, 2018
Empirical measures of harbor seal behavior and avoidance of an operational tidal turbine
R Joy, JD Wood, CE Sparling, DJ Tollit, AE Copping, BJ McConnell
Marine pollution bulletin 136, 92-106, 2018
The effect of instrument attachment on the surface temperature of juvenile grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) as measured by infrared thermography
DJ McCafferty, J Currie, CE Sparling
Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 54 (3-4), 424-436, 2007
First in situ passive acoustic monitoring for marine mammals during operation of a tidal turbine in Ramsey Sound, Wales
CE Malinka, DM Gillespie, JDJ Macaulay, R Joy, CE Sparling
Marine Ecology Progress Series 590, 247-266, 2018
Review of offshore wind farm impact monitoring and mitigation with regard to marine mammals
UK Verfuss, CE Sparling, C Arnot, A Judd, M Coyle
The effects of noise on aquatic life II, 1175-1182, 2016
Passive acoustic methods for tracking the 3D movements of small cetaceans around marine structures
D Gillespie, L Palmer, J Macaulay, C Sparling, G Hastie
PLoS One 15 (5), e0229058, 2020
Tracking technologies for quantifying marine mammal interactions with tidal turbines: pitfalls and possibilities
GD Hastie, DM Gillespie, JCD Gordon, JDJ Macaulay, BJ McConnell, ...
Marine renewable energy technology and environmental interactions, 127-139, 2014
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